Wellness and Disease Prevention as part of Public Health
Often the concept of wellness is considered to be synonymous with disease that there are important and discernible difference between these three concepts. Disease prevention is defined as efforts aimed at reducing the occurrence and. Relationships between health, disease, wellness, and illness illustrating that an and disease, risk factors, and factors influencing safety and injury prevention. Wellness and disease prevention are important parts of state public health policies. Read the NCSL overview of state wellness programs currently in place.
Genes and Personality At the individual level, genetic factors, personality, and demographic factors are related to well-being.
For example, positive emotions are heritable to some degree heritability estimates range from 0. Longitudinal studies have found that well-being is sensitive to life events e.
Some personality factors that are strongly associated with well-being include optimism, extroversion, and self-esteem.
The Difference Between Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
While genetic factors and personality factors are important determinants of well-being, they are beyond the realm of public policy goals. Age and Gender Depending on which types of measures are used e.
In general, men and women have similar levels of well-being, but this pattern changes with age,63 and has changed over time. In general, associations between income and well-being usually measured in terms of life satisfaction are stronger for those at lower economic levels, but studies also have found effects for those at higher income levels.
Countries differ substantially in their levels of well-being. Traditionally, health-related quality of life has been linked to patient outcomes, and has generally focused on deficits in functioning e.
Wellness: the missing concept in health promotion programming for adults.
In contrast, well-being focuses on assets in functioning, including positive emotions and psychological resources e. Some researchers have drawn from both perspectives to measure physical and mental well-being for clinical and economic studies.
Health The WHO developed what has become the most commonly referenced definition of health: Is the patient or client self-confident and secure? Does the patient or client use negative self-talk?
Intellectual The perception that one is internally energized by the appropriate amount of intellectually stimulating activity Is the patient or client interested in the pathology of his or her illness or disease?
Does the patient or client ask questions and demonstrate curiosity about his or her health status? Does the patient or client engage in intellectually stimulating activities? Physical Positive perceptions and expectancies of physical health Does the patient or client demonstrate interest in improving his or her physical health?
Wellness, Disease Prevention, And Stress Reduction Information
How does the patient or client rate overall health excellent, good, fair, poor? Psychological A general perception that one will experience positive outcomes to the events and circumstances of life Is the patient or client optimistic or pessimistic?
Does the patient or client have negative thoughts or feelings about the ability to recover or reach a level of better health? Social The perception that family or friends are available in times of need, and the perception that one is a valued support provider Does the patient or client have family and friends to provide support?