The Historical Society: Archeologists and Historians at Work
Relationship between history and Archaeology. History The selection of study of historical events depends on the historians himself, his own. Relative location—where one place is located in relation to another is sometimes more important than Archaeologists at Work archaeologists, historians study artifacts, from clothing and coins to artwork and tombstones. Individuals searching for Difference Between a Historian & an Archaeologist in their specific duties, work environment and focus, which are discussed here.
Travel may be necessary to collect information or attend meetings. Social scientists on foreign assignment must adjust to unfamiliar cultures, climates, and languages.
Some social scientists do fieldwork. For example, anthropologists, archaeologists, and geographers may travel to remote areas, live among the people they study, learn their languages, and stay for long periods at the site of their investigations. They may work under rugged conditions, and their work may involve strenuous physical exertion. Social scientists employed by colleges and universities usually have flexible work schedules, often dividing their time among teaching, research, writing, consulting, and administrative responsibilities.
Employment Social scientists held about 18, jobs in Many worked as researchers, administrators, and counselors for a wide range of employers. About half worked for Federal, State, and local governments, mostly in the Federal Government. Other employers included scientific research and development services; management, scientific, and technical consulting services; business, professional, labor, political, and similar organizations; and architectural, engineering, and related firms.
Many individuals with training in a social science discipline teach in colleges and universities and in secondary and elementary schools. The proportion of social scientists who teach varies by specialty: Training The educational attainment of social scientists is among the highest of all occupations. With the addition of sufficient education courses, social science graduates also can qualify for teaching positions in secondary and elementary schools.
Training in statistics and mathematics is essential for many social scientists. Mathematical and quantitative research methods increasingly are being used in geography, political science, and other fields. The ability to utilize computers for research purposes is mandatory in most disciplines.
Most geographers—and increasing numbers of archaeologists— also will need to be familiar with GIS technology.What is History and Archaeology Key Words
Many social science students find that internships or field experience is beneficial. Numerous local museums, historical societies, government agencies, and other organizations offer internships or volunteer research opportunities. Archaeological field schools instruct future anthropologists, archaeologists, and historians in how to excavate, record, and interpret historical sites. Depending on their jobs, social scientists may need a wide range of personal characteristics.
Intellectual curiosity and creativity are fundamental personal traits, because social scientists constantly seek new information about people, things, and ideas.
The ability to think logically and methodically is important to a political scientist comparing, for example, the merits of various forms of government. Objectivity, having an open mind, and systematic work habits are important in all kinds of social science research. And debates can easily become politicized, tied into issues of national identity, or personal.
The hard work of archeology is spelled out clearly in a wonderful piece in the latest issue of National Geographic: Robert Draper, "Kings of Controversy: In no other part of the world does archaeology so closely resemble a contact sport.
Eilat Mazar is one of the reasons why. Her announcement in that she believed she had unearthed the palace of King David amounted to a ringing defense of an old-school proposition under assault for more than a quarter century—namely, that the Bible's depiction of the empire established under David and continued by his son Solomon is historically accurate.
Mazar's claim has emboldened those Christians and Jews throughout the world who maintain that the Old Testament can and should be taken literally.
Anthropologists and archaeologists, geographers, and sociologists
Her purported discovery carries particular resonance in Israel, where the story of David and Solomon is interwoven with the Jews' historical claims to biblical Zion.
Draper also sheds light on how texts are used or misused to ground the material evidence. Pieces of the puzzle are put together slowly over decades: Little Brown and Company. Archaeology discovering our past. Renfrew, G and Bahn, P. Theory, Method and Practice. Thames and Hudson Ltd.
An Introduction to African History to A History of American Archaeology.