Snails become risk-takers when hungry
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The Many Worlds Theory Today The pull of gravity inside a black hole is so strong that nothing can escape its grip. And if a tech-savvy enemy tried to remotely link up with your iPhone and retrieve that embarrassing video, even the electromagnetic waves from your phone would still be trapped inside the black hole.
Bizarre Particles Keep Flying out of Antarctica's Ice, and They Might Shatter Modern Physics
But there is a hitch. Quantum mechanics has an equally strong rule that prohibits the loss of information.
This principle, called unitarity, is intimately linked with other unbreakable laws of physics, like conservation of energy. Theorists contented themselves with this view untilwhen Stephen Hawking drew a revolutionary conclusion about black holes: Given enough time, a black hole will dematerialize, radiating away through a process we now call Hawking evaporation.
Maybe it leaves behind a tiny ember that contains an enormously compressed version of all the information that ever fell into the black hole.
Do Black Holes Destroy Information?
Either information could be lost, or somehow something could escape from a black hole. A central tenet of quantum mechanics was pitted against the cornerstone of relativity.
One theory, it seemed, had to give. According to supersymmetry, every existing particle in the Standard Model has a supersymmetric partner. Researchers suspect these partners exist because the masses of known particles are out of wack—not symmetric with one another.
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And then it stopped detecting anything else that important or interesting. Researchers began to question whether any existing physics experiment could ever detect a supersymmetric particle.
Now, several scientists not involved in the Penn State paper told Live Science that it offers solid if incomplete evidence that something new has really arrived. If standard model particle created these anomalies, they should have been neutrinos.
Researchers know that both because of the particles they decayed into, and because no other standard model particle would even have a fragment of a chance in a million of making it through the Earth. And there are other events that can generate those particles, triggering the detectors.
This paper strongly suggests that those events must have been supersymmetric, Louis said, though he added that more data is necessary. And then if we find papers in the literature, including one from 14 years ago that predict something just like this phenomenon, then that gets really high weight from me.