Shavuot and pentecost relationship

The Salvation connection between Shavuot and Pentecost | Christian Messianic Analysis & Apologetics

shavuot and pentecost relationship

Learn all about the feast of Pentecost, Shavuot, or the Feast of Weeks in the Bible . Understand this Jewish Holiday from a Christian perspective. Shavuot or Shovuos in Ashkenazi usage; Shavuʿoth in Sephardi and Mizrahi Hebrew (Hebrew: שָׁבוּעוֹת , lit. "Weeks"), is known as the Feast of Weeks in English and as Pentecost .. given on Mount Sinai), and the day it occurs in relation to the Counting of the Omer (being the 50th day from the first day of the Counting). This weekend marks the holy days of Pentecost and Shavuot, two of the most important holy days to Christians and Jews respectively. And both.

According to the rank of the entrants used they to go forth. All the skilled artisans of Jerusalem would stand up before them and greet them, "Brethren, men of such and such a place, we are delighted to welcome you. Sadly, these beautiful customs came to an abrupt end when the Temple was destroyed.

Many Scriptures in the Passover Haggadah were originally recited at the dedication of firstfruits. Though we recall the events of the Exodus at Passover today, Shavuot also recalled the four hundred years of bitter servitude in Egypt.

In the Book of Deuteronomy, the instructions for celebrating Shavuot conclude with the exhortation, "Remember that you were slaves in Egypt, and follow carefully these decrees. In fact, a whole part of the Passover Seder includes verses recited at the dedication of firstfruits.

As the worshipper brought his firstfruits, he pronounced: But the Egyptians mistreated us and made us suffer, putting us to hard labor. So the LORD brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm, with great terror and with miraculous signs and wonders. Why has this ancient firstfruits ceremony been incorporated into the Passover Haggadah?

The connection is natural. We were slaves in Egypt. God freed us and brought us into a good land. In gratitude, we now offer to God some of what the land gives to us.

Shavuot And Pentecost: What’s The Connection? – The Forward

The Jewish "Constitution" Shavuot was a major holiday that merited its own set of ceremonial celebrations, yet it was the one holiday that the Bible did not commemorate with any historical or profound religious experience. A rabbinic tradition did develop however, linking the holiday to a historical landmark. Several stories explain that the nations of the world were first asked to accept the Torah but refused.

One such legend repeats goes on to underscore the responsibility involved in serving God and obeying his commandments: When God revealed Himself on Sinai, there was not a nation at whose doors He did not knock, but they would not undertake to keep it; as soon as He came to Israel, they exclaimed, All that the Lord has spoken we will do and obey. There was a first-century event that occurred on this holiday. At that time, the sects of Judaism included the Pharisees, the Sadducees, the Zealots and the "Nazarenes.

Y'shua, like other Jews of his day, was in Jerusalem observing Passover. In the course of the traditional observance, Y'shua alluded to his impending death. And shortly after the seder, Y'shua was arrested on several charges and then crucified. Y'shua had, for some time, expected this to happen. He knew that his death was to be the ultimate Passover sacrifice.

Early on in his public ministry, he was called "the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world.

shavuot and pentecost relationship

It was a stunning and shocking event. It was unexpected by all—except Jesus. The narrative recounts his appearances in this resurrected state until "he was received up into heaven, and sat down at the right hand of God" Luke The chronicles of Y'shua's followers continue in the Book of Acts. As observant Jews, Jesus' disciples had celebrated Passover with him in Jerusalem.

Now fifty days after Passoverthey observed Shavuot without him physically present. The writer of Acts describes the Jerusalem crowd on Shavuot: They came from as far away as what today would be Iran, Turkey and North Africa.

What is the Relation of Pentecost and Shavuot?

Israel won the battle, but God commanded them to never forget their adversaries Ex. After 45 days in the desert, on the new moon of Sivan, the Jews reached the desert of Sinai and camped near the very mountain where Moses was first commissioned Ex. During the previous weeks the Jews had become more and more conscious of the LORD and therefore more and more readied to receive instruction Torah from Him before entering the Promised Land.

What is Pentecost, and what does it have to do with Shavuot?

Moses ascended the mountain, and there God commanded him to tell the leaders that if they would obey the LORD and keep His covenant, then they would be the LORD's "kingdom of priests" and "holy nation.

Moses then returned to the mountain and was told to command the people to sanctify themselves before the LORD descended upon the mountain in three days. The people were to abstain from worldly comforts and not so much as touch under penalty of death the boundaries of the mountain. On Shabbat morning of the sixth of Sivan, exactly seven weeks after the Exodus, all the children of Israel gathered at the foot of Mount Sinai, where the LORD descended amidst thunder, lightning, billowing smoke, fire, and the voluminous blast of the shofar.

The sound of a shofar grew louder and louder until terror gripped the heart of the people. The people then stood far off, while Moses alone drew near to the thick darkness where God was. As mediator of the covenant, Moses later reported to the Israelites all the words of the LORD and the people responded in unison, kol hadevarim asher diber Adonai na'eseh: He took the sacrificial blood from the offerings, threw half upon the altar, and read the covenant to the people.

The people ratified the covenant with the words kol asher diber Adonai na'aseh v'nishma "all that the LORD says we will do and obey".

shavuot and pentecost relationship

Upon hearing their ratification, Moses took the other half of the sacrificial blood and threw it on the people saying, "Behold the blood of the covenant that the LORD has made with you in accordance with all these words. It was there that the elders beheld the awesome glory of Elohei Yisrael the God of Israelunder whose feet was "a pavement of sapphires, like the very heaven for clearness" Ex.

After returning from the mountain with the elders, the LORD commanded Moses to go back up to receive luchot ha'even the tablets of stone inscribed with the Ten Commandments Ex. He remained on the mountain for a total of 40 days and 40 nights learning Torah while the Israelites waited for him at the camp down below Ex.

Midrashrim about the Tablets According to Jewish midrash, the tablets of stone were made of blue sapphire as a symbol of the heavens and God's throne, written by the "finger of God" Exod. The Hebrew letters were said to be bored fully through the stone Exod. Moreover, even though the letters were bored fully through the stone, both sides appeared normally that is, the "back" of the tablet looked identical to the front - Shabbos a. Another midrash says that the tablets "carried their own weight," enabling Moses to carry them down the mountain.

Another well-known Jewish midrash says that the LORD initially offered the Torah to each of the 70 nations, but none accepted it without first asking what it was about. After hearing the various commandments, each nation had some excuse or another for not accepting it for example, God offered Torah to the Ishmaelites, but they declined the offer because of its prohibition of theft, since their trading practices required it.

God finally turned to the nation of Israel, who said kol asher diber Adonai na'aseh "all that the LORD says we will do". Note something remarkable here: Unlike the other nations, Israel chose Torah before knowing its contents: In fact, even after Moses had explained the extent of Torah's demands, all Israel said kol asher diber Adonai na'aseh ve'nishma "all that the LORD says we will do and obey" Exod. In the final book of Torah, Moses reviewed the history and the laws given to the Jews and reminded them to faithfully observe Passover Deut.

shavuot and pentecost relationship

You shall count seven weeks. Begin to count the seven weeks from the time the sickle is first put to the standing grain. Exactly seven weeks after the first harvest of barley is the celebration of Shavuot "weeks"one of the three pilgrimage holidays where Jews would come to the mishkan and later the Temple to present the firstfruits of their spring crops before the LORD.

Since Shavuot occurs on the 50th day after Passover, the Greek translators of the Torah called this day "Pentecost. Wheat, barley, grapes, figs, pomegranates, olives, and dates Deut. As soon as a Jewish farmer saw the first sign of ripening fruit in his field or orchard, he would tie a string or ribbon around it and designate it as bikkurim. Later he would pick this fruit, put it in a basket woven of gold and silver the poor used wicker baskets of peeled willow branches and set off for the mishkan or later to the Temple in Jerusalem for the festival of Shavuot.

Since it was a pilgrimage festival, a large procession of other Jews would be carrying their baskets on the road, singing songs of joyful praise. They would place their baskets on oxen adorned with garlands of flowers in a grand parade to Jerusalem!

shavuot and pentecost relationship

As the pilgrims passed through various towns along the way, they would be accompanied by still others Deut. At the mishkan or Templeeach family would present the basket of fruits to a kohen priest to be put before the altar while reciting the following passage from the book of Deuteronomy: A wandering Aramean was my father. And he went down into Egypt and sojourned there, few in number, and there he became a nation, great, mighty, and populous.

In the largely agrarian society of ancient Israel, Jewish farmers would tie a reed around the first ripening fruits from each of these species in their fields. The baskets would then be loaded on oxen whose horns were gilded and laced with garlands of flowers, and who were led in a grand procession to Jerusalem. As the farmer and his entourage passed through cities and towns, they would be accompanied by music and parades. This text begins by stating: The text proceeds to retell the history of the Jewish people as they went into exile in Ancient Egypt and were enslaved and oppressed; following which God redeemed them and brought them to the land of Israel.

The ceremony of Bikkurim conveys gratitude to God both for the first fruits of the field and for His guidance throughout Jewish history Scherman, p. Modern observances[ edit ] A synagogue sanctuary adorned in greenery in honor of Shavuot Shavuot is unlike other Jewish holidays in that it has no prescribed mitzvot Torah commandments other than traditional festival observances of meals and merriment; and the traditional holiday observances of special prayer services and the required abstention from work.

However, it is also characterized by many minhagim customs. These customs, largely observed in Ashkenazic communities, are: Akdamut The Akdamut Aramaic: Rabbi Meir was forced to defend the Torah and his Jewish faith in a debate with local priests, and successfully conveyed his certainty of God's power, His love for the Jewish people, and the excellence of Torah.

Afterwards he wrote Akdamuta line poem in the Aramaic language that stresses these themes.

shavuot and pentecost relationship

The poem is written in a double acrostic pattern according to the order of the Hebrew alphabet. The traditional melody that accompanies this poem also conveys a sense of grandeur and triumph.

The positive commandments are recited on the first day and the negative commandments on the second day. The liturgical poem Yatziv Pitgam Aramaic: The author and his father's name appear in an acrostic at the beginning of the poem's 15 lines.

Dairy foods such as cheesecakecheese blintzes[19] and cheese kreplach among Ashkenazi Jews ; [20] cheese sambusak[21] kelsonnes cheese ravioli[22] and atayef a cheese-filled pancake [23] among Syrian Jews ; kahee a dough that is buttered and sugared among Iraqi Jews ; [23] and a seven-layer cake called siete cielos seven heavens among Tunisian and Moroccan Jews [23] [24] are traditionally consumed on the Shavuot holiday.

Yemenite Jews do not eat dairy foods on Shavuot. Meat is usually served at night and dairy is served either for the day meal [20] or for a morning kiddush. Since all their meat pots and dishes now had to be made kosher before use, they opted to eat dairy foods.

The Torah is compared to milk by King Solomonwho wrote: