Inside the Rivalry Between Elizabeth I and Mary, Queen of Scots | caztuning.info
Josie Rourke's film sees Saoirse Ronan and Margot Robbie transform from allies into rivals, but in actuality, the queens' relationship was far. New movie Mary Queen of Scots, starring Margot Robbie and Scots screenplay writer Beau Willimon tells PEOPLE in this week's issue. “It's a fluctuating relationship,” says historian John Guy, whose book Queen of Scots. Elizabeth I's relationship with Mary, Queen of Scots dominated English Mary, Queen of Scots craved the throne occupied by her cousin . This article was first published in the Christmas issue of BBC History Magazine.
The arrests caused anger in Scotland, and Arran joined Beaton and became a Catholic. English forces mounted a series of raids on Scottish and French territory.
Mary's guardians, fearful for her safety, sent her to Inchmahome Priory for no more than three weeks, and turned to the French for help. On the promise of French military help, and a French dukedom for himself, Arran agreed to the marriage.
In June, the much awaited French help arrived at Leith to besiege and ultimately take Haddington.
Mary, Queen of Scots - Wikipedia
On 7 Julya Scottish Parliament held at a nunnery near the town agreed to a French marriage treaty. BeatonSetonFlemingand Livingston. Mary and Francis in Catherine de' Medici 's book of hoursc. She was considered a pretty child and later, as a woman, strikingly attractive. Henry commented that "from the very first day they met, my son and she got on as well together as if they had known each other for a long time". Yet, in the eyes of many Catholics, Elizabeth was illegitimate, and Mary Stuart was therefore the rightful queen of England as the senior surviving legitimate descendant of Henry VII through her grandmother Margaret Tudor.
Under the terms of the Treaty of Edinburghsigned by Mary's representatives on 6 JulyFrance and England undertook to withdraw troops from Scotland and France recognised Elizabeth's right to rule England. However, the seventeen-year-old Mary, still in France and grieving for her mother, refused to ratify the treaty.
King Francis II died on 5 Decemberof a middle ear infection that led to an abscess in his brain. Only four of the councillors were Catholic: Even the one significant later addition to the council, Lord Ruthven in Decemberwas another Protestant whom Mary personally disliked. She joined with Lord Moray in the destruction of Scotland's leading Catholic magnate, Lord Huntly, in after he led a rebellion in the Highlands against her.
Elizabeth refused to name a potential heir, fearing that to do so would invite conspiracy to displace her with the nominated successor. However, when her uncle, the Cardinal of Lorrainebegan negotiations with Archduke Charles of Austria without her consent, she angrily objected and the negotiations foundered.
Inside the Fierce Real-Life Rivalry Between 'Sister' Queens Elizabeth I and Mary, Queen of Scots
Mary was horrified and banished him from Scotland. He ignored the edict, and two days later he forced his way into her chamber as she was about to disrobe. She reacted with fury and fear, and when Moray rushed into the room, in reaction to her cries for help, she shouted, "Thrust your dagger into the villain!
Chastelard was tried for treason, and beheaded. Darnley's parents, the Earl and Countess of Lennoxwho were Scottish aristocrats as well as English landowners, had sent him to France ostensibly to extend their condolences while hoping for a potential match between their son and Mary.
He also agreed to uphold the Protestant religion, and to the return from exile of the other Protestant lords. There has never been any evidence that Mary was having an affair with Rizzio. If she had been, Randolph would have known, yet he does not mention it in any of his reports to Cecil. She spent days in her chamber weeping, close to nervous collapse. Nevertheless, on 9 MarchMary was having a small supper party in her private apartments, with Rizzio and five close friends, when Darnley and a group of Protestant nobles burst in.
They dragged Rizzio from the table and into the next room - where they stabbed him 56 times.
BBC - History - Mary, Queen of Scots, and her lover
Bothwell had also been a target, but he managed to climb out of a window and descape to Dunbar. Alone and defenceless, Mary decided that her only hope was Darnley. Two nights after the murder she went to his room and convinced him that the Protestant lords were using him.
Soon he was begging her forgiveness and together they escaped to Dunbar, where Bothwell was gathering an army. They returned to Edinburgh with the army and forced the murderers to flee. But Mary never really recovered. She could never forgive Darnley. The only person she now trusted was Bothwell.
Darnley was now expendable and everyone wanted to see the back of him: Mary hated him, the Protestant lords had been betrayed by him and Bothwell wanted to replace him as king.
To further his ends, Bothwell persuaded Mary to bring back Moray and the exiled Protestants. Top 'Nothing against her honour' In NovemberBothwell met with nobles from all factions at Craigmillar Castle to discuss the Darnley problem.
They came up with two options: But when Mary was consulted she ruled out divorce because it would make her son illegitimate.
As for 'other means', she said that she wanted 'nothing against her honour'. The nobles saw this as carte blanche and, having left Mary's room, signed a bond to murder Darnley.
Even her defenders find it hard to believe she knew nothing of the plan to abduct her. So was Mary in on the plot? It seems likely because, in Januaryshe joined Darnley in Glasgow and was, as he told his father, 'using herself as a most natural and loving wife'.
The True Story of Mary, Queen of Scots, and Elizabeth I
And yet it was from Glasgow that she sent her famous love letters - known as the Casket Letters - to Bothwell while her husband was just yards away in the next room. And upon my word he will do whatsoever I will, and he will come.
On 1 February she brought Darnley from the safety of Glasgow to the dangers of Edinburgh. He was taken to Kirk o'Field, a house near the city wall, because he was sick and, Mary said, needed somewhere quiet to convalesce.
Mary promised to stay and look after him but on the night of the murder, 9 February, she was at Holyrood attending the wedding masque of a loyal servant. Possibly, but a convenient one. As it happened, Darnley survived the explosion but was strangled and stabbed to death as he tried to escape. Virtually everyone was involved in the plot to murder Darnley, but only Bothwell and Mary got the blame.
Within days, scurrilous placards appeared in Edinburgh, depicting Mary as a whore and accusing her and Bothwell of the crime. They had been set up by Moray and the Protestant lords. In desperation, Bothwell abducted Mary and took her captive to Dunbar Castle where, apparently, he raped her before forcing her to agree to marry him.
Could she have been complicit in the whole thing?
Mary was either so desperate - or so madly in love with Bothwell - that she now appeared to give up even her Catholicism for him. Exactly a month later, the final showdown between Mary and the Protestant lords took place at Carberry Hill near Edinburgh. But no actual fighting took place because Mary's outnumbered troops gradually melted away.
Mary agreed to give herself up on condition that Bothwell was given safe passage into exile.
In a final act of defiance they kissed in full view of both sides. Then Bothwell galloped off and spent the next month trying, in vain, to raise more troops; so maybe he loved Mary after all. The young queen with the golden future was just 24, and her life was effectively over.
But it was to no avail. Two days after Carberry, Mary was imprisoned on the isle of Lochleven where she later miscarried Bothwell's twins. The young Queen with the golden future was just 24, and her life was effectively over.
Her half-brother Moray became Regent. Bothwell fled, but was caught and imprisoned in Protestant Denmark. He died there ten years later, some say insane.