The Rocky Relationship of Zeus and Hera
The interaction between gods and mortals did not only happen within temples. When Semele was impregnated, Hera, the wife of Zeus and the queen of the gods, found out and became jealous of her husband's relationship. Zeus is the son of Kronos and Rheia, and although he wasn't a very faithful husband, is married to Hera. He is the brother of Hades, Poseidon. Prior to his marrage to Hera he was married first to Metis, then Themis. He was interested in Demeter but she resisted him. His third wife was Mnemosyne.
Humans depended on the gods for basic everyday tasks. For instance, some would pray to Poseidon, the god of the sea, for safe travels on the waters. Humans would also give sacrifices and make monuments in their honor.
The interaction between gods and mortals did not only happen within temples. Zeus was famous for mingling into the lives of humans. Generally, the outcome was never good. One story that is famous is the interaction between Zeus and Semele. Semele was a mortal woman who was simply living her life when one day Zeus took notice of her when she was sacrificing a bull at his temple.
He fell in love with her and visited her many times. Hera changed herself into a normal mortal and befriended Semele. After becoming friends, Semele confided in Hera about her relationship with Zeus. But Hera made her doubt about Zeus being the actual god Zeus. So, to test her theory Semele decided to ask Zeus to grant her one wish and that one wish was to show her his true godly form. But the real problem was mortals cannot see the true form of a god without disintegrating.
And that is exactly what happened to her. Zeus was able to save the unborn baby and sewed it inside his thigh to let it grow. A few months later the god Dionysus, the god of wine, was born. Semele was the only mortal that was a parent of a god.
This example of the interaction between the gods and mortals shows the consequences of both good and bad. Still, Paris could not decide, as all three were ideally beautiful, so they resorted to bribes. Hera offered Paris political power and control of all of Asiawhile Athena offered wisdom, fame, and glory in battle, and Aphrodite offered the most beautiful mortal woman in the world as a wife, and he accordingly chose her.
The other two goddesses were enraged by this and through Helen's abduction by Paris they brought about the Trojan War. The Iliad[ edit ] Hera plays a substantial role in The Iliadappearing in a number of books throughout the epic poem.
In accordance with ancient Greek mythology, Hera's hatred towards the Trojanswhich was started by Paris' decision that Aphrodite was the most beautiful goddess, is seen as through her support of the Greeks during the war.
Throughout the epic Hera makes many attempts to thwart the Trojan army. In books 1 and 2, Hera declares that the Trojans must be destroyed.
Hera persuades Athena to aid the Achaeans in battle and she agrees to assist with interfering on their behalf. Diomedes called for his soldiers to fall back slowly.
Hera, Ares' mother, saw Ares' interference and asked ZeusAres' father, for permission to drive Ares away from the battlefield. Hera encouraged Diomedes to attack Ares and he threw his spear at the god. Athena drove the spear into Ares' body, and he bellowed in pain and fled to Mt.
Olympusforcing the Trojans to fall back. In book 8, Hera tries to persuade Poseidon to disobey Zeus and help the Achaean army. Determined to intervene in the war, Hera and Athena head to the battlefield. However, seeing the two flee, Zeus sent Iris to intercept them and make them return to Mt.
Olympus or face grave consequences. After prolonged fighting, Hera sees Poseidon aiding the Greeks and giving them motivation to keep fighting. In book 14 Hera devises a plan to deceive Zeus.
Zeus set a decree that the gods were not allowed to interfere in the mortal war. Hera is on the side of the Achaeans, so she plans a Deception of Zeus where she seduces him, with help from Aphrodite, and tricks him into a deep sleep, with the help of Hypnosso that the Gods could interfere without the fear of Zeus.
Hephaestus sets the battlefield ablaze, causing the river to plead with Hera, promising her he will not help the Trojans if Hephaestus stops his attack. Hephaestus stops his assault and Hera returns to the battlefield where the gods begin to fight amongst themselves.
The Rocky Relationship of Zeus and Hera
When Hera discovered the deception, she cursed Echo to only repeat the words of others hence our modern word " echo ". Semele and Dionysus When Hera learned that Semeledaughter of Cadmus King of Thebeswas pregnant by Zeus, she disguised herself as Semele's nurse and persuaded the princess to insist that Zeus show himself to her in his true form.
When he was compelled to do so, having sworn by Styx  his thunder and lightning destroyed Semele. Zeus took Semele's unborn child, Dionysus and completed its gestation sewn into his own thigh. In another version, Dionysus was originally the son of Zeus by either Demeter or Persephone. Hera sent her Titans to rip the baby apart, from which he was called Zagreus "Torn in Pieces".
Zeus rescued the heart; or, the heart was saved, variously, by AthenaRheaor Demeter. Certain versions imply that Zeus gave Semele the heart to eat to impregnate her.
The Interaction Between the Gods and Mankind
Hera tricked Semele into asking Zeus to reveal his true form, which killed her. Dionysus later managed to rescue his mother from the underworld and have her live on Mount Olympus. See also Dionysus' birth for other variations. Lamia Lamia was a queen of Libyawhom Zeus loved. Hera turned her into a monster and murdered their children.
Or, alternatively, she killed Lamia's children and Lamia's grief and rage turned her into a monster. Lamia was cursed with the inability to close her eyes so that she would always obsess over the image of her dead children. Zeus gave her the gift to be able to take her eyes out to rest, and then put them back in. Lamia was envious of other mothers and ate their children.
Hera and Zeus ***
The wrathful goddess turned her into a crane and proclaimed that her bird descendants should wage eternal war on the Pygmy folk. The oxen which were to pull her cart were overdue and her sons, Biton and Cleobispulled the cart the entire way 45 stadia8 kilometers. Cydippe was impressed with their devotion to her and Hera so asked Hera to give her children the best gift a god could give a person.
Hera ordained that the brothers would die in their sleep. This honor bestowed upon the children was later used by Solonas a proof while trying to convince Croesus that it is impossible to judge a person's happiness until they have died a fruitful death after a joyous life.
Ancient Greek Gods Relationships With Humans by Sam Forsyth on Prezi
He was then transformed into a woman. As a woman, Tiresias became a priestess of Hera, married and had children, including Manto. After seven years as a woman, Tiresias again found mating snakes; depending on the myth, either she made sure to leave the snakes alone this time, or, according to Hyginustrampled on them and became a man once more.
Zeus claimed it was women; Hera claimed it was men. When Tiresias sided with Zeus, Hera struck him blind.
- Zeus Lovers
An alternative and less commonly told story has it that Tiresias was blinded by Athena after he stumbled onto her bathing naked. His mother, Chariclobegged her to undo her curse, but Athena could not; she gave him prophecy instead.
Chelone At the marriage of Zeus and Hera, a nymph named Chelone was disrespectful or refused to attend. Zeus thus, turned her into a tortoise. The Golden Fleece Hera hated Pelias because he had killed Siderohis step-grandmother, in one of the goddess's temples.
She later convinced Jason and Medea to kill Pelias. The Golden Fleece was the item that Jason needed to get his mother freed. Ixion When Zeus had pity on Ixion and brought him to Olympus and introduced him to the gods, instead of being grateful, Ixion grew lustful for Hera.
Zeus found out about his intentions and made a cloud in the shape of Hera, who was later named Nepheleand tricked Ixion into coupling with it and from their union came Centaurus.